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Oxycodone is a narcotic analgesic in the semi-synthetic opioid class. Opioids are a derivative of opiates which are found in opium, an extract from the unripened seeds of the poppy. Opioids block receptors in the body thereby effectively relieving pain sensations. This is why they are commonly referred to as pain killers. Narcotic analgesics such as oxycodone are usually prescribed for chronic pain and can become addictive.
Like most narcotic drugs, oxycodone (known as Oxycontin, or Hill Billy Heroin), must be used in increasingly higher doses to achieve the same effects of the original dose level. This makes illegal use of the drug very dangerous because it can be fatal if the dose is too high. One dose that may not be fatal for a regular user may kill a first time, or non-habitual user. In patients who take it for chronic pain doses must be regulated and gradually increased as needed. It is not uncommon for chronic pain patients to become addicted to the drug. As with most narcotics, the body becomes dependent on the drug and side effects or withdrawal symptoms can be very severe, and not merely psychological. Drug rehab is essential for prescription drug abusers.
Oxycodone Side Effects
Legal and illegal use of oxycodone can both lead to addiction, fecal impaction, which can cause serious pain or even death, nausea, vomiting, constipation, drowsiness, loss of coordination and balance, burning sensations, and opioid intoxication, which alters the mental state and may cause small pupils, respiratory depression, extreme sleepiness and unconsciousness.
The symptoms of withdrawal from oxycodone can be very severe and can be the same for withdrawal from Heroin or other prescription pain killers. It is important to understand that prescription pain killers are just as physically addictive and dangerous as illegal street drugs. It should also be noted that prescription pain killers such as oxycodone are sold on the street, just as other narcotics.
The following is a short list of the symptoms of withdrawal that an addict may go through while in rehab.
Flu like symptoms such as diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, runny nose, abdominal pain, and goose bumps. Sweating, agitation, and dilated pupils may also be symptomatic during drug rehab. There may also be psychological symptoms such as depression and mental illness.
Some patients will receive outpatient methadone or Suboxone treatments, while others may need more substantial inpatient support. One way to overcome the oxycodone addiction is the Waismann Method. The Waismann Method is a medical procedure that uses anesthesia to induce and speed the withdrawal while the patient sleeps. It has been found to be successful especially when combined with support groups. Once an addict has gone through rehab, their tolerance to the drug is greatly reduced. Because of this, drug relapse is very dangerous. Death may follow a return to oxycodone drug abuse since the body is no longer used to the drugs.
It is important to get involved in support groups following any rehab program to keep from returning to the abuse of prescription or street drugs. Rehab from prescription pain killers is a lengthy process that requires a great deal of patience for all parties involved. Though the initial withdrawal symptoms may subside, oxycodone addiction rehab may be a life long battle.